Lesson 3: Basic Questions
In Lesson 2 we went over how to build a very simple statement where
one thing does something to another thing, or a subject acts on an object. This STAO format provides the
base foundation for building more complex statements but also for building simple questions. The word
order for a simple question is Subject-Tense-Action-Object-Interrogative. It is the same as a statement except
with another word added onto the end. You can think of these interrogative words as a question mark, but
they also denote the type of question being asked, whether its 'how', 'why', 'when', 'what', etc. The
Action phrase will still be in the same tense and the subject and object will appear the same.
The most common interrogative is "right?" or in lajyma: ge. This is also
the equivalent of "did" in english (ie: Did you go to the store?). Taking off
from the previous lesson we can ask someone "You eat meat, right?" and they will respond: "yes"
Questioner: ro uda kulaga aloga ge
You'll notice that we do not put a question mark to denote that a question is being asked. This is
because of the interrogative word placed at the end shows that it is a question and not a statement.
Here we also see the word for "yes". In Lajyma, answering in the affirmative is the same as saying
"it is true". We shorten it to just "uda" because the rest of that sentence is redundant. "uda" is the
most common way to answer yes to a question (in the present tense anyway, later we will discover other ways).
For "no" you would use the negative simple present tense identifier: nuda.
Who Eats Meat??
Just to reiterate what we learned in the last lesson, lets change all of those statements into questions
using ge. Depending on the tense or subject of the question "ge" can be translated
as "did"/"does"/"do" in English, but in lajyma there is only one word for all of these.
Try to combine these new words on your own to come up with new sentences. You can use the Phrase Builder HERE
to help you build different simple STAOI questions.
Using the same format and vocabulary that you've already learned you can form new questions. The vocabulary
column on the right contains all of the basic interrogatives that lajyma uses. Here are some examples:
uda: simple present
nuda: negative simple present
ytarasa: love, like a lot